文章摘要
毛雨婷,陆大江.有氧运动结合抗阻练习对缺乏运动中年人体质健康的影响[J].中国康复,2016,(4):286-289
有氧运动结合抗阻练习对缺乏运动中年人体质健康的影响
Effect of aerobic exercise combined with resistance exercise on physical health of middle aged people without enough exercises
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 体质健康  有氧运动  抗阻练习
英文关键词: physical health  aerobic exercise  resistance exercise
基金项目:上海体育学院研究生创新基金(yjscx2014031);智能化体育场馆健身管理系统(2015B107);上海市科学技术委员会科研计划项目(14490503600);上海交通大学文理交叉专项基金项目(12JCZ02)
作者单位
毛雨婷 上海体育学院运动科学学院上海 200438 
陆大江 上海体育学院运动科学学院上海 200438 
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中文摘要:
      目的:探讨有氧运动结合抗阻练习对中年人各方面身体能力的影响。方法:募集上海某区无专业运动经验,40~60岁的89名受试者,分为A组(每周运动次数<3次)和B组(每周运动次数≥3次)。在8周运动干预前后进行11项体质测试,包括体脂率、骨密度等。干预期间不进行饮食监控,也无强制性集中运动。结果:运动干预8周后,2组男、女性体重和BMI与干预前比较差异无统计学意义;B组体脂率较干预前及A组下降明显(P<0.05)。男性B组握力、伸膝肌力、坐位体前屈及闭眼单脚站立时间均较干预前明显增加(P<0.05),且伸膝肌力较A组明显增加(P<0.05);女性B组伸膝肌力、坐位体前屈及闭眼单脚站立时间均较干预前明显增加(P<0.05),且坐位体前屈较A组明显增加(P<0.05)。男、女性B组最大摄氧量及女性B组骨密度均较A组显著提高(P<0.05)。 A组各项指标干预前后比较均差异无统计学意义。结论:长期坚持规律性的运动锻炼,有助于中年人降低体脂率;改善身体素质,增强上下肢肌力,提高有氧能力和维持正常骨密度水平。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To explore the effect of exercise on physical health in middle aged people through the 8-week exercise intervention of aerobic exercise combined with resistance exercise. Methods: Eighty-nine subjects (male 39, and female 50) aged between 40 and 60 were given an exercise program of aerobic exercise and resistance exercise without diet restrictions, lasting for 8 weeks. Eleven tests were undertaken before and after the exercise intervention. Results: The body fat rate of B groups was decreased obviously (P<0.05). The change of physical quality of objects showed an upward trend. The maximal oxygen consumption of B groups increased obviously (P<0.05). The bone mineral density of B groups showed an upward trend. Conclusion: Exercise contributes to the decrease of body fat rate and the improvement of physical quality, bone mineral density and aerobic capacity in middle aged people.
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